• Journal Papers


(64) Huatian Xiong, Haiyuan Zou, Hong Liu, Mei Wang, and Lele Duan*
Surface functionalization of a γ-graphyne-like carbon material via the click chemistry
Chemistry-An Asian Journal, 2021, accepted.

(63) Yong Yang, M. Z. Ertem,* Duan, L.*
An amide-based second coordination sphere promotes the dimer pathway of Mn-catalyzed CO2-to-CO reduction at low overpotential.
Chem Sci 2021. 10.1039/D0SC05679K

(62) Liang, X.; Yang, S.; Yang, J.; Sun, W.; Li, X.; Ma, B.; Huang, J.; Zhang, J.;* Duan, L.;* Ding, Y.*
Covalent immobilization of molecular complexes on metal-organic frameworks towards robust and highly efficient heterogeneous water oxidation catalysts.
Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 2021, 291, 120070.

(61) Yong Yang, Ziyun Zhang, Zhenyu Zhang, Chao Tang, Xiaoyong Chang, Lele Duan*
Electrocatalytic CO2 Reduction with Re‐based Spiro Bipyridine Complexes: Effects of the Local Proton in the Second Coordination Sphere
Chinese Journal of Chemistry 2021 Accepted.

60) Jing Yang,# Lei Wang,# Shaoqi Zhan,# Haiyuan Zou, Hong Chen, Mårten S. G. Ahlquist, Lele Duan,* & Licheng Sun*
From Ru-bda to Ru-bds: A Step Forward to Highly Efficient Molecular Water Oxidation Electrocatalysts under Acidic and Neutral Conditions
Nature Communications 2021, 12, 373 .

59) Shuting Wei, Haiyuan Zou, Weifeng Rong, Fuxiang Zhang, Yongfei Ji,* and LeLe Duan,*
Conjugated Nickel Phthalocyanine Polymer Selectively Catalyzes CO2-to-CO Conversion in a Wide Operating Potential Window
Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 2021, 284, 119739.

58) Weifeng Rong,† Haiyuan Zou,† Wenjie Zang, Shibo Xi, Shuting Wei, Baihua Long, Junhui Hu, Yongfei Ji and Lele Duan*
Size-dependent activity and selectivity of atomic-level Cu nanoclusters during CO/CO2 electroreduction
Angew. Chem. Int. Edit. 2021, 60, 466. (


57) Haiyuan Zou, Weifeng Rong, Shuting Wei, Yongfei Ji,* and Lele Duan*
Regulating Kinetics and Thermodynamics of Electrochemical Nitrogen Reduction with Single-Atom Catalysts in a Pressurized Cell
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 2020, 117, 29462.

56) Qi Yang, Qilong Wu, Yang Liu, Shuiping Luo, Xiaotong Wu, Xixia Zhao, Haiyuan Zou, Baihua Long, Wen Chen, Yujia Liao, Lanxi Li, Pei Kang Shen, Lele Duan, Zewei Quan,*
Novel Bi-Doped Amorphous SnOx Nanoshells for Efficient Electrochemical CO2 Reduction into Formate at Low Overpotentials
Adv. Mater. 2020, 2002822.

 55)Yuanyuan Ma, Tong Yang, Haiyuan Zou, Wenjie Zang, Zongkui Kou, * Lu Mao, Yuanping Feng, Lei Shen, Stephen J. Pennycook, Lele Duan, * Xu Li, * John Wang, *
Synergizing Mo Single Atoms and Mo2C Nanoparticles on CNTs Synchronizes Selectivity and Activity of Electrocatalytic N2 Reduction to Ammonia
Adv. Mater. 202032, 2002177.

54)Yong Yang, Zhenyu Zhang, Xiaoyong Chang, Ya-Qiong Zhang, Rong-Zhen Liao, Lele Duan*
Highly Active Manganese-Based CO2 Reduction Catalysts with Bulky NHC Ligands: A Mechanistic Study
Inorg. Chem. 2020.

53)Yang Yang, Jing Yang, Fei Li, Rongzhen Liao, Lele Duan*
Water Oxidation Catalyzed by Ruthenium Complexes with 4-Hydroxypyridine-2,6-dicarboxylate as a Negatively Charged Tridentate Ligand
Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2020, 2020, 2238-2245.

52)   Dongming Zhang, Mingpeng Chen, Haiyuan Zou, Yumin Zhang,Jicu Hu, Huapeng Wang, Baoye Zi, Jin Zhang, Zhongqi Zhu, Lele Duan and Qingju Liu.*
Microwave-assisted synthesis of porous and hollow α-Fe2O3/LaFeOnanostructures for acetone gas sensing as well as photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue
Nanotechnology 31 (2020215601

51)  Debiao Huo, Feifei Lin, Shani Chen, Yueran Ni, Ranhao Wang, Hong Chen, Lele Duan, Yongfei Ji,* Aiju Zhou,* and Lianpeng Tong.
Ruthenium Complex-Incorporated Two-Dimensional Metal–Organic Frameworks for Cocatalyst-Free Photocatalytic Proton Reduction from Water
Inorg. Chem. 2020, 59, 2379-2386

50) Jing Yang, Bin Liu and Lele Duan.
Structural evolution of the Ru-bms complex to the real water oxidation catalyst of Ru-bda: the bite angle matters
Dalton Trans., 2020, 49,4369



49)   Ke Fan,* Haiyuan Zou, Lele Duan, and Licheng Sun.* Selectively Etching Vanadium Oxide to Modulate Surface Vacancies of Unary Metal–Based Electrocatalysts for High-Performance Water Oxidation.  Adv. Energy Mater2019, 1903571

48) Lianpeng Tong,* Lele Duan,* Aiju Zhou a, Randolph P. Thummel.  First-row transition metal polypyridine complexes that catalyze proton to hydrogen reduction.  Coordination Chemistry Reviews 402 (2020) 213079

47) Wenjie Zang, Tong Yang, Haiyuan Zou, Shibo Xi, Hong Zhang, Ximeng Liu, Zongkui Kou,* Yonghua Du, Yuan Ping Feng, Lei Shen, Lele Duan,* John Wang,and Stephen J. Pennycook.Copper Single Atoms Anchored in Porous Nitrogen-Doped Carbon as Efficient pH-Universal Catalysts for the Nitrogen Reduction Reaction. ACS Catalysis.2019,9,10166-10173

46) Haiyuan Zou, Weifeng Rong, Baihua Long, Yongfei Ji,* and Lele Duan.* Corrosion-induced Cl-doped ultrathin graphdiyne towards electrocatalytic nitrogen reduction at ambient conditions. ACS Catal. 2019, 9, 10649-10655 

45) Hui Pan, Lele Duan, Rong-Zhen Liao.* Capturing the role of phosphate in the Ni‐PY5 catalyzed water oxidation. ChemCatChem. 2019,11,1-9

44) Fusheng Li,* Rui Xu, Chengming Nie, Xiujuan Wu,  Peili Zhang, Lele Duan and Licheng Sun.* Dye-sensitized LaFeOphotocathode for solar-driven Hgeneration.  Chem. Commu. 2019


43) Haiyuan Zou, Ge Li, Lele Duan,* Zongkui Kou,* John Wang. In situ coupled amorphous cobalt nitride with nitrogen-doped graphene aerogel as a trifunctional electrocatalyst towards Zn-air battery deriven full water splitting.  Applied Catalysis B: Environmental. 2019,259,118100.

42) Jing Yang, Junxue An, Lianpeng Tong, Baihua Long, Ting Fan, and Lele Duan.* Sulfur Coordination Effects on the Stability and Activity of a Ruthenium-Based Water Oxidation Catalyst.  Inorg. Chem. 2019, 58, 3137-3144. 


41)Quentin Daniel, Lele Duan, Brian J. J. Timmer, Hong Chen, Xiaodan Luo, Ram Ambre, Ying Wang, Biaobiao Zhang, Peili Zhang, Lei Wang, Fusheng Li, Junliang Sun, Marten Ahlquist, and Licheng Sun.* Water Oxidation Initiated by In Situ Dimerization of the Molecular Ru(pdc) Catalyst. ACS Catal. 2018, 8, 4375-4382.


40)Peili Zhang, Hong Chen, Mei Wang, Yong Yang, Jian Jiang, Biaobiao Zhang,  Lele Duan,  Quentin Daniel, Fusheng Li and Licheng Sun.* Gas-templating of hierarchically structured Ni-Co-P for efficient electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution. J Mater Chem A 2017, 5, 7564-7570.

39)Ting Fan, Lele Duan, Ping Huang, Hong Chen, Quentin Daniel, Mårten S.G. Ahlquist, and Licheng Sun.* The Ru-tpc Water Oxidation Catalyst and Beyond: Water Nucleophilic Attack Pathway versus Radical Coupling Pathway. ACS Catal. 2017, 7, 2956-2966.

38)Quentin Daniel, Ping Huang, Ting Fan, Ying Wang, Lele Duan, Lei Wang, Fusheng Li, Zilvinas Rinkevicius, Fikret Mamedov, Mårten S.G. Ahlquist, Stenbjörn Styring, Licheng Sun.* Rearranging from 6- to 7-coordination initiates the catalytic activity: An EPR study on a Ru-bda water oxidation catalyst. Coord. Chem. Rev. 2017, 346, 206-215.


37) Lei Wang, Lele Duan, Ram B. Ambre, Quentin Daniel, Hong Chen, Junliang Sun, Biswanath Das, Anders Thapper, Jens Uhlig, Peter Dinér a, Licheng Sun.* A nickel (II) PY5 complex as an electrocatalyst for water oxidation. J. Catal. 2016, 335, 72-78.

36)Lei Wang, Hong Chen, Quentin Daniel, Lele Duan, Bertrand Philippe, Yi Yang, Håkan Rensmo, and Licheng Sun.* Promoting the Water Oxidation Catalysis by Synergistic Interactions between Ni(OH)2 and Carbon Nanotubes. Adv. Energy Mater. 2016, 6, 1600516.

35)Lele Duan, Gerald F. Manbeck, Marta Kowalczyk, David J. Szalda, James T. Muckerman, Yuichiro Himeda, and Etsuko Fujita.* Noninnocent Proton-Responsive Ligand Facilitates Reductive Deprotonation and Hinders CO2 Reduction Catalysis in [Ru(tpy)(6DHBP)(NCCH3)]2+ (6DHBP = 6,6′-(OH)2bpy). Inorg. Chem. 2016, 55, 4582-4594.

34) Quentin Daniel, Lei Wang, Lele Duan, Fusheng Li and Licheng Sun.*  Tailored design of ruthenium molecular catalysts with 2,2'-bypyridine-6,6'-dicarboxylate and pyrazole based ligands for water oxidation. Dalton T. 2016, 45, 14689-14696.

33)        Ambre, R. B.; Daniel, Q.; Fan, T.; Chen, H.; Zhang, B.; Wang, L.; Ahlquist, M. S. G.; Duan, L.*; Sun, L.* Molecular engineering for efficient and selective iron porphyrin catalysts for electrochemical reduction of CO2 to CO. Chem. Commun. 2016, 52 (100), 14478.


32)        Wang, Y.; Duan, L.; Wang, L.; Chen, H.; Sun, J.; Sun, L.; Ahlquist, M. S. G. Alkene Epoxidation Catalysts [Ru(pdc)(tpy)] and [Ru(pdc)(pybox)] Revisited: Revealing a Unique RuIV═O Structure from a Dimethyl Sulfoxide Coordinating Complex. ACS Catal. 2015, 5 (7), 3966.

31)        Wang, L.; Mirmohades, M.; Brown, A.; Duan, L.; Li, F.; Daniel, Q.; Lomoth, R.; Sun, L.; Hammarstrom, L. Sensitizer-Catalyst Assemblies for Water Oxidation. Inorg. Chem. 2015, 54 (6), 2742.

30)        Wang, L.; Fan, K.; Daniel, Q.; Duan, L.; Li, F.; Philippe, B.; Rensmo, H.; Chen, H.; Sun, J.; Sun, L. Electrochemical driven water oxidation by molecular catalysts in situ polymerized on the surface of graphite carbon electrode. Chem. Commun. 2015, 51 (37), 7883.

29)        Li, F.; Fan, K.; Wang, L.; Daniel, Q.; Duan, L.; Sun, L. Immobilizing Ru (bda) catalyst on photoanode via electrochemical polymerization for light-driven water splitting. ACS Catal. 2015, 5, 3786.

28)        Duan, L.; Wang, L.; Li, F.; Li, F.; Sun, L. Highly Efficient Bioinspired Molecular Ru Water Oxidation Catalysts with Negatively Charged Backbone Ligands. Acc. Chem. Res. 2015, 48, 2084.

27)        Wang, L.; Duan, L.; Wang, Y.; Ahlquist, M. S. G.; Sun, L. Highly efficient and robust molecular water oxidation catalysts based on ruthenium complexes. Chem. Commun. 2014, 50 (85), 12947.

26)        Staehle, R.; Tong, L.; Wang, L.; Duan, L.; Fischer, A.; Ahlquist, M. S. G.; Sun, L.; Rau, S. Water Oxidation Catalyzed by Mononuclear Ruthenium Complexes with a 2,2 '-Bipyridine-6,6 '-dicarboxylate (bda) Ligand: How Ligand Environment Influences the Catalytic Behavior. Inorg. Chem. 2014, 53 (3), 1307.

25)        Wang, L.; Duan, L.; Tong, L.; Sun, L. Visible light-driven water oxidation catalyzed by mononuclear ruthenium complexes. J. Catal. 2013, 306, 129.

24)       Tong, L.; Inge, A. K.; Duan, L.; Wang, L.; Zou, X.; Sun, L. Catalytic Water Oxidation by Mononuclear Ru Complexes with an Anionic Ancillary Ligand. Inorg. Chem. 2013, 52 (5), 2505.

23)       Duan, L.; Wang, L.; Inge, A. K.; Fischer, A.; Zou, X.; Sun, L. Insights into Ru-Based Molecular Water Oxidation Catalysts: Electronic and Noncovalent-Interaction Effects on Their Catalytic Activities. Inorg. Chem. 2013, 52 (14), 7844.

22)       Wang, L.; Duan, L.; Stewart, B.; Pu, M.; Liu, J.; Privalov, T.; Sun, L. Toward Controlling Water Oxidation Catalysis: Tunable Activity of Ruthenium Complexes with Axial Imidazole/DMSO Ligands. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2012, 134 (45), 18868.

21)       Tong, L.; Wang, Y.; Duan, L.; Xu, Y.; Cheng, X.; Fischer, A.; Ahlquist, M. S. G.; Sun, L. Water Oxidation Catalysis: Influence of Anionic Ligands upon the Redox Properties and Catalytic Performance of Mononuclear Ruthenium Complexes. Inorg. Chem. 2012, 51 (6), 3388.

20)       Li, L.; Duan, L.; Wen, F.; Li, C.; Wang, M.; Hagfeld, A.; Sun, L. Visible light driven hydrogen production from a photo-active cathode based on a molecular catalyst and organic dye-sensitized p-type nanostructured NiO. Chem. Commun. 2012, 48 (7), 988.

19)       Duan, L.; Bozoglian, F.; Mandal, S.; Stewart, B.; Privalov, T.; Llobet, A.; Sun, L. A molecular ruthenium catalyst with water-oxidation activity comparable to that of photosystem II. Nature Chemistry 2012, 4 (5), 418.

18)       Duan, L.; Araujo, C. M.; Ahlquist, M. S. G.; Sun, L. Highly efficient and robust molecular ruthenium catalysts for water oxidation. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2012, 109 (39), 15584.

17)       An, J.; Duan, L.; Sun, L. Ru complexes containing pyridine dicarboxylate ligands: electronic effects on their catalytic activity toward water oxidation. Faraday Discuss. 2012, 155, 267.

16)       Xu, Y.; Duan, L.; Akermark, T.; Tong, L.; Lee, B.-L.; Zhang, R.; Akermark, B.; Sun, L. Synthesis and Catalytic Water Oxidation Activities of Ruthenium Complexes Containing Neutral Ligands. Chem-Eur J 2011, 17 (34), 9520.

15)       Tong, L.; Duan, L.; Xu, Y.; Privalov, T.; Sun, L. Structural Modifications of Mononuclear Ruthenium Complexes: A Combined Experimental and Theoretical Study on the Kinetics of Ruthenium-Catalyzed Water Oxidation. Angew. Chem. Int. Edit. 2011, 50 (2), 445.

14)       Duan, L.; Xu, Y.; Tong, L.; Sun, L. Ce-IV- and Light-Driven Water Oxidation by Ru(terpy)(pic)(3) (2+) Analogues: Catalytic and Mechanistic Studies. Chemsuschem 2011, 4 (2), 238.

13)       Duan, L.; Tong, L.; Xu, Y.; Sun, L. Visible light-driven water oxidation-from molecular catalysts to photoelectrochemical cells. Energy Environ. Sci. 2011, 4 (9), 3296.

12)       Xu, Y.; Fischer, A.; Duan, L.; Tong, L.; Gabrielsson, E.; Akermark, B.; Sun, L. Chemical and Light-Driven Oxidation of Water Catalyzed by an Efficient Dinuclear Ruthenium Complex. Angew. Chem. Int. Edit. 2010, 49 (47), 8934.

11)       Xu, Y.; Duan, L.; Tong, L.; Akermark, B.; Sun, L. Visible light-driven water oxidation catalyzed by a highly efficient dinuclear ruthenium complex. Chem. Commun. 2010, 46 (35), 6506.

10)       Nyhlen, J.; Duan, L.; Akermark, B.; Sun, L.; Privalov, T. Evolution of O-2 in a Seven-Coordinate Ru-IV Dimer Complex with a HOHOH (-) Bridge: A Computational Study. Angew. Chem. Int. Edit. 2010, 49 (10), 1773.

9)       Li, L.; Duan, L.; Xu, Y.; Gorlov, M.; Hagfeldt, A.; Sun, L. A photoelectrochemical device for visible light driven water splitting by a molecular ruthenium catalyst assembled on dye-sensitized nanostructured TiO2. Chem. Commun. 2010, 46 (39), 7307.

8)       Duan, L.; Xu, Y.; Zhang, P.; Wang, M.; Sun, L. Visible Light-Driven Water Oxidation by a Molecular Ruthenium Catalyst in Homogeneous System. Inorg. Chem. 2010, 49 (1), 209.

7)       Duan, L.; Xu, Y.; Gorlov, M.; Tong, L.; Andersson, S.; Sun, L. Chemical and Photochemical Water Oxidation Catalyzed by Mononuclear Ruthenium Complexes with a Negatively Charged Tridentate Ligand. Chem-Eur J 2010, 16 (15), 4659.

6)       Xu, Y.; Akermark, T.; Gyollai, V.; Zou, D.; Eriksson, L.; Duan, L.; Zhang, R.; Akermark, B.; Sun, L. A New Dinuclear Ruthenium Complex as an Efficient Water Oxidation Catalyst. Inorg. Chem. 2009, 48 (7), 2717.

5)       Duan, L.; Wang, M.; Li, P.; Wang, N.; Wang, F.; Sun, L. Synthesis, protonation and electrochemical properties of trinuclear NiFe2 complexes Fe-2(CO)(6)(mu(3)-S)(2) Ni(Ph2PCH2)(2)NR (R = n-Bu, Ph) with an internal pendant nitrogen base as a proton relay. Inorg. Chim. Acta 2009, 362 (2), 372.

4)       Duan, L.; Fischer, A.; Xu, Y.; Sun, L. Isolated Seven-Coordinate Ru(IV) Dimer Complex with HOHOH (-) Bridging Ligand as an Intermediate for Catalytic Water Oxidation. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2009, 131 (30), 10397.

3)       Cui, H.; Wang, M.; Duan, L.; Sun, L. Preparation, characterization and electrochemistry of an iron-only hydrogenase active site model covalently linked to a ruthenium tris(bipyridine) photosensitizer. J. Coord. Chem. 2008, 61 (12), 1856.

2)       Lele, D.; Mei, W.; Ping, L.; Yong, N.; Ning, W.; Licheng, S. Carbene-pyridine chelating 2Fe2S hydrogenase model complexes as highly active catalysts for the electrochemical reduction of protons from weak acid (HOAc). Dalton T. 2007, DOI:10.1039/b616645h 10.1039/b616645h(13), 1277.

1)       Cui, H.-G.; Wang, M.; Dong, W.-B.; Duan, L.-L.; Li, P.; Sun, L.-C. Synthesis, structures and electrochemical properties of hydroxyl- and pyridyl-functionalized diiron azadithiolate complexes. Polyhedron 2007, 26 (4), 904.

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